Last edited by Yozshull
Wednesday, May 13, 2020 | History

1 edition of Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia found in the catalog.

Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia

Jacques Barrau

Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia

by Jacques Barrau

  • 58 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by Kraus Reprint in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Agriculture

  • Edition Notes

    Reprint of the 1958 ed. -

    SeriesBernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu. Bulletin -- 219, Bernice P. Bishop Museum bulletin -- 219.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsS491, GN670 .B4 no.219 1971
    The Physical Object
    Pagination111 p. :
    Number of Pages111
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL26567425M

      The environments where traditional agriculture was practiced in the Pacific Islands ranged from frost-prone but gardened mountain slopes at 8, ft (2, m) in Papua New Guinea to tiny atoll islets lying scarcely above the reach of the waves in the always warm equatorial ocean. Agriculture in Papua New Guinea has a more than 7, years old history. Currently around 85% of Papua New Guinea's population lives from semi-subsistence agriculture.. Papua New Guinea produces and exports agricultural, timber, and fish products. Agriculture in accounted for % of the GDP and supported more than 80% of the population. Cash crops .

    In subsistence agriculture, farm output is targeted to survival and is mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus trade. The typical subsistence farm has a range of crops and animals needed by the family to feed and clothe themselves during the year.   Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development provides a unique overview of these difficulties and their significance to economic development. It is the first book to subject subsistence agriculture to rigorous multi-disciplinary examination and to bring to light new theory and empirical evidence directed toward solving the Author: Clifton R. Wharton.

    Background--Melanesia For the Pacific, the Melanesian island groups ofPapua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and Fiji possess relatively large land areas, greater mineral resources, and large populations, predominantly rural, that generally retain the ability to sustain themselves by subsistence agriculture (Table 1). Melanesian culture, the beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of the ethnogeographic group of Pacific Islands known as Melanesia. From northwest to southeast, the islands form an arc that begins with New Guinea (the western half of which is called Papua and is part of Indonesia, and the eastern half of which comprises the independent country of Papua New Missing: Subsistence agriculture.


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Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia by Jacques Barrau Download PDF EPUB FB2

Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia (Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Bulletin ) [Barrau, Jacques] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia (Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Bulletin )Author: Jacques Barrau. Subsistence agriculture in Melanesia.

Honolulu, The Museum, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Jacques Barrau. Find more information about: OCLC Number: Description: # subsistence. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

On behalf of the South Pacific Commission the author carried out a general survey of native subsistence agriculture on the South Pacific islands including New Guinea.

The present report refers to Melanesia and was based on the following terms of reference: 1. an assessment of food resources; 2.

a Subsistence agriculture in by: Subsistence Agriculture in Polynesia and Micronesia [Jacques Barrau] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Jacques Barrau.

Most of the researchers engaged in the various aspects of subsistence agriculture in Melanesia, which is very often called horticulture conventionally by Westerners, agree on the view that the staple foods of the majority of the inhabitants there have been Colocasia taros and yams.

Click on the article title to read : Charles O. Frake. This book provides grade 9 students with the support necessary to achieve all of the agriculture syllabus outcomes detailed for this level.

All agriculture students are required to cover the first two core units and two of the other six optional units or one optional unit from this book plus a school designed optional unit.

Core Unit, Agriculture in Papua New Guinea 1 covers the. Subsistence agriculture in the Pacific Islands has a complex prehistory centered on western Melanesia. Based on an analysis of cultigen provenience, a sequCited by: The main features of and changes in subsistence agricultural systems have been documented in books and papers such as J.

Barrau, Subsistence Agriculture in Melanesia, Bishop Museum Bulletin (Honolulu ) and Subsistence Agriculture in Polynesia and Micronesia, Bishop Museum Bulletin (Honolulu ); H. Brookfield, ‘Intensification and disintensification in Pacific agriculture Cited by: 4.

With 80 percent of citizens still in the subsistence agriculture industry, investment in human capital has been sorely lacking in PNG, with successive governments focusing most.

Barrau, JSubsistence Agriculture in Melanesia, BulletinBernice P Bishop Museum, Honolulu. Agronomic field trials on food crops in Papua New Guinea: to Jan Author: Richard Michael Bourke.

Irrigation water is often brought to the crops through bamboo pipes. Approximately 64 percent of the labor force is involved in subsistence agriculture. Products grown include coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, tea, rubber, fruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables, poultry, and pork.

Palm oil, coffee, and cocoa are exported. In sub-Saharan Africa, subsistence agriculture con-tributes % of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs % of the rural population (Orkin and Njobe ; Kostov and Lingard ). In this review, forms of subsistence agriculture and cha-racteristics and impacts of intensive subsistence agriculture are Size: 1MB.

Over 85% of the population is engaged in mixed subsistence farming, which includes cash cropping. Smallholders produce half of the 70% of GDP generated by agriculture.

There are several plan- tations, although only two are large. Copra, palm oil products and cocoa are the major cash by: 8.

Solomon Islands is an archipelago consist of 9 provinces, and the only Island in the South pacific that has accommodates the 3 races of the Pacific as mentioned above, and the only country that you will discover the darkest to the whitest skin which makes Solomon Islands so.

ventive subsistence agriculture. In addressing breeding and improvement, we needed a wider variability, and therefore adopted the Vavilovi-an approach of plant collection in Ipomoea ba-tatas.

At this point, economic botany for me merged into ethnobotany. In field collection in Southeast Asia, Melanesia, Polynesia, South. Subsistence agriculture in the Pacific Islands has a complex prehistory centred on western Melanesia.

Based on an analysis of cultigen provenance, a sequential model of a 3-tiered crop structure of indigenous agricultural systems has been derived: (1) the independent early domestication of endemic species in the New Guinea region; (2) introduction of species from Cited by:   Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development provides a unique overview of these difficulties and their significance to economic development.

It is the first book to subject subsistence agriculture to rigorous multi-disciplinary examination and to bring to light new theory and empirical evidence directed toward solving the Cited by: This is “The Pacific Islands”, section from the book Regional Geography of the World: Globalization, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

Subsistence agriculture is the main economic activity of most of the people. Coffee and cocoa are examples of agricultural exports. to this impressive book. I have long held the view that subsistence agriculture underwrites the PNG cash economy. The cash sector should supplement and complement but not replace the subsistence sector.

Agriculture in PNG provides direct benefits to over 80% of our population. A strong subsistence sector and the wantok systemFile Size: 3MB.An overview of food security in Papua New Guinea.

These relate to improvements in subsistence agriculture and to cash income. Reducing rural and urban poverty and increasing the diversity of Author: Richard Michael Bourke.Clements, R., ed.

Proceedings of the Technical Meeting on Agroforestry in Tropical Islands. (Meeting held in IRETA, USP School of Tropical Agriculture' W. Samoa, February ). Institute for Research, Extension and Training in Agriculture (IRETA), University of the South Pacific, School of Agriculture, W.

Samoa.